“Rational planners have been obsessed with controlling how and when and which people use public as well as private space. Meanwhile, ordinary people continue to find creative ways of appropriating spaces and creating places, in spite of planning, to fulfill their desires as well as their needs, to tend the spirit as well as take care of the rent.” – Sandercock, L. Toward Cosmopolis: Utopia as construction site. In Readings in planning theory
Currently the city of Abu Dhabi has a population of 1 million. By the time of 2030, the figure will rise to 3 million. What will the urban planning department deal with such a large population, and guide the city towards sustainability? This short video will tell you.
What Are Capital Markets and How do They Work?
Real Estate competes with other investments on a risk/return basis.
Debt ranges from 0-100%, and normally 50-80%; equity ranges from 20-50%.
Debt is repaid from project proceeds before equity.
Four Types of Real Estate Investments
- What Are Form-Based Codes?
“Form-based codes foster predictable built results and a high-quality public realm by using physical form (rather than separation of uses) as the organizing principle for the code. They are regulations, not mere guidelines, adopted into city or county law. Form-based codes offer a powerful alternative to conventional zoning.” – FBCI
“Form-based codes place a primary emphasis on building type, dimensions, parking location and façade features, and less emphasis on uses. They stress the appearance of the streetscape, or public realm, over long lists of different use types. ” – Local Govenment Commission
Form-based codes were developed to overcome the problem of sprawl, which is created by use-based codes.
According to the Asset-based Community Development Institute (ABCD), which is located at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, Asset-Based Community Development is a methodology that helps to build strong and sustainable communities.
Above are four types of community building work which ABCD is currently involved:
- Building community capacity. ABCD engages directly with community groups to support their asset-based community development efforts. The Institute and its affiliated faculty also participate in an array of local, regional, and international conferences and workshops as keynote speakers, workshop and training facilitators, technical support providers, and learning participants.
- Conducting research. Using a community-based participatory research approach, ABCD partners with community residents and other local entities to conduct research that helps prepare them to achieve their own community building objectives. ABCD also works with community groups, non-profits, and an array of other institutions to evaluate asset-based community development projects.
- Working with students. Working directly with students, Northwestern faculty, and other organizations, ABCD contributes to the development of the next generation of engaged civic leaders and community builders.
- Producing publications and resources. Producing community building publications and other resources for practitioners and scholars in the community development field, ABCD contributes to a growing body of knowledge about the effectiveness of the asset-based approach to strengthening communities.
District of Columbia
Town of Boston
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Le Corbusier was born in 1887 in a small city in Sitzerland. He was an architect, an urbanist and a writer. Pioneer of modern architecture and creator of the Radiant City are his most famous identities. La Ville radieuse (The Radiant City) which is published in 1935, delineated an urban utopia which encompassed with skyscapers in the middle of an urban park. The high density land uses were intentionally conceived as a solution to urban congestion.
1791 – Alexander Hamilton-protective tariffs for manufacturing industry
1818 – Henry Clay – combine tariffs with internal improvements
1937 – Our Cities: Their Role in the National Economy